Francesco Siano

Name: Francesco
Surname: Siano
Skill: Researcher
Phone: (Office) +39 0825 299 301
Fax: +39 0825 299 641
CNR People WEB Site:
Curriculum EN: (click here to view it)

Researcher Activities


Francesco Siano was born in Salerno (Italy) on September 8th 1973. He was graduated in Chemistry (five years course) at the University of Salerno (Italy). He obtained his PhD in Earth and Life Sciences (XXVIII cycle) at the University of Sannio (Benevento, Italy), defending a Doctoral Thesis concerning the extraction, characterization and valorization of bioactive molecules in agro-industrial waste. Currently, he is Researcher at the Institute of Food Sciences (Avellino, Italy) of the National Research Council (CNR).

Between June 2001 and June 2005 he has been Research Technician at the Experimental Station for the Industry of the Essential Oils and Citrus Products (SSEA) of Reggio Calabria (Italy), with focus on the chemical characterization of essential oils and flavors. Between June 2005 and February 2009 he has been research technician at the Experimental Station for the Food Preserving Industry (SSICA) of Parma (Italy), involved in the analysis, monitoring and testing of food products as well as packaging, processes and new technologies in food industry.

From March 2009 to July 2022 he has been Research Technician at the Institute of Food Science (Avellino, Italy) of the National Research Council of Italy (CNR). His research activity is focused on the isolation and structural characterization of molecules from food using advanced high performance separation techniques (gas-chromatography and liquid-chromatography), Mass Spectrometry (MS) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. A relevant part of his research activities concerns the development of new methodologies for the characterization of polyphenols and food lipids (fatty acids and sterols) with potential bioactive properties and health-promoting effects.

Key Publications

  • F. Siano,ˇD. Cautela
    Assessment of free plant sterols in cold pressedˇCitrusˇessential oil
    Natural Product Research, in press;ˇon line dal 30 gen 2020
  • F. Siano, A. Cutignano, S. Moccia, G.L. Russo, M.G. Volpe, G. Picariello
    Phytochemical characterization and effects on cell proliferation of lentisk (Pistacia lentiscus) berry oil: a revalued source of phenolics
    Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 75(4), 487-494 (2020)
  • F. Siano, E. Vasca
    GC-FID analysis to evaluate the possible sophistication of extra virgin olive oil with different vegetable oils
    Journal of Chemical Education, 97, 4108-4116, (2020)
  • R. Sacchi, A. Cutignano, G. Picariello, A. Paduano, A. Genovese,ˇF. Siano, G. Nuzzo, S. Caira, C. Lubritto, P. Ricci, A. D’Auria, G. Di Pasquale, A. Motta, F. Addeo
    Olive oil from the 79 A.D. Vesuvius eruption stored at the Naples National Archaeological Museum (Italy)
    npj Food of Science, 4, 19, (2020)
  • A. Cutignano,ˇF. Siano, R. Romano, A. Aiello, F. Pizzolongo, R. Berni Canani, L. Paparo, R. Nocerino, C. Di Scala, F. Addeo, G. Picariello
    Short-term effects of dietary bovine milk on fatty acid composition of human milk: a preliminary multi-analytical study
    Journal of Chromatography B, 1154, 122189, (2020)
  • A. Tedeschi, M.G. Volpe, F. Polimeno,ˇF. Siano, G. Maglione, P. Di Tommasi, E. Vasca, V. Magliulo, L. Vitale
    Soil fertilization with urea has little effect on seed quality but reduces soil N2O emissions from a hemp cultivation
    Agriculture, 10(6), 240, (2020)
  • S. Moccia,ˇF. Siano, G.L. Russo, M.G. Volpe, F. La Cara, S. Pacifico, S. Piccolella, G. Picariello
    Antiproliferative and antioxidant effect of polar hemp extracts (Cannabis sativaˇL, Fedora cv.) in human colorectal cell lines
    International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 71(4), 410-423, (2020)
  • F. Siano, G. Fasulo, L. Giaramita, A. Sorrentino, F. Boscaino, M. Sprovieri, M. Di Stasio, R. Coccioni, M.G. Volpe
    Chemical-nutritional composition, microbiological analysis and volatile compound content of Fossa cheese ripened in different pits
    Italian Journal of Food Science, 31, 669-684, (2019)
  • A. Fabbrocini, M.G. Volpe, S. Hossein Hoseinifar,ˇF. Siano, E. Coccia, G. Scordella, C. Licchelli, R. D?Adamo, M. Paolucci
    Paracentrotus lividusˇroe enhancement by a short-time rearing in off-shore cages
    Journal of Aquatic Biology, 7(3), 155-165, (2019)
  • M.G. Volpe, E. Coccia,ˇF. Siano, M. Di Stasio, M. Paolucci
    Rapid evaluation methods for quality of trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fresh fillet preserved in an active edible coating
    Foods, 8, 113, (2019)
  • E. Coccia,ˇF. Siano, M.G. Volpe, E. Varricchio, T. Eroldogan, M. Paolucci
    Chestnut shell extract modulates immune parameters in the rainbow troutˇOncorhynchus mykiss
    Fishes, 4, 18, (2019)
  • G. Mamone, L. Sciammaro, S. De Caro, L. Di Stasio,ˇF. Siano, G. Picariello, M.C. Puppo
    Comparative analysis of protein composition and digestibility ofˇCeratonia siliquaˇL. andˇProsopisˇspp. seed germ flour
    Food Research International, 120, 188-195, (2019)
  • M. De Cicco,ˇF. Siano, G. Iacomino, N. Iannaccone, L. Di Stasio, G. Mamone, M.G. Volpe, P. Ferranti, F. Addeo, G. Picariello
    Multianalytical detection of pig-derived ingredients in bread
    Food Analytical Methods, 12, 780-790, (2019)
  • F. Siano, S. Moccia, G. Picariello, G.L. Russo, G. Sorrentino, M. Di Stasio, F. La Cara, M.G. Volpe
    Comparative study of chemical, biochemical characteristic and ATR-FTIR analysis of seeds, oil and flour of the edible Fedora cultivar hemp (Cannabis sativaˇL.)
    Molecules, 24, 83, (2019)
  • F. Siano, L. Sciammaro, M.G. Volpe, G. Mamone, M.C. Puppo, G. Picariello
    Integrated analytical methods to characterize lipids fromˇProsopisˇspp. andˇCeratoniaˇsiliquaseed germ flour
    Food Analytical Methods, 11, 3471-3480, (2018)
  • M.G. Volpe, A. Fabbrocini,ˇF. Siano, E. Coccia, G. Scordella, C. Licchelli, F. De Sio, M. Paolucci
    Gonad quality of sea urchinˇParacentrotus lividusˇcultured in an offshore pilot-scale trial on the south-east Italian coast
    Aquaculture Nutrition, 24, 1444-1455, (2018)
  • F. Siano, G. Sorrentino, M. Riccardi, F. De Cunzo, G. Orefice, M.G. Volpe
    Chemical, nutritional and spectroscopic characterization of typical ecotypes of Mediterranean area beans
    European Food Research and Technology, 244, 795-804, (2018)
  • F. Boscaino, G. Cammarota, A. Ottombrino, M. Nazzaro,ˇF. Siano, M.G. Volpe, A. Sorrentino
    Chemical, volatile profile andˇshelf-lifeˇof Muffin enriched with supplementation chestnut cream
    Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, 41, e13013, (2017)
  • G. Picariello, L. Sciammaro,ˇF. Siano, M.G. Volpe, M.C. Puppo, G. Mamone
    Comparative analysis ofˇC-glycosidic flavonoids fromˇProsopisˇspp. andˇCeratonia siliquaˇseed germ flour
    Food Researcher International, 99, 730-738, (2017)
  • F. Siano, S. Bilotto, M. Nazzaro, G.L. Russo, M. Di Stasio, M.G. Volpe
    Effects of conventional and organic feed on the mineral composition of cultured European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)
    Aquaculture Nutrition, 23, 796-804, (2017)
  • L. Parrillo, E. Coccia, M.G. Volpe,ˇF. Siano, C. Pagliarulo, E. Scioscia, E. Varricchio, O. Safari, T. Eroldogan, M. Paolucci
    Olive mill wastewater-enriched diet positively affects growth, oxidative and immune status and intestinal microbiota in the crayfish,ˇAstacus leptodactylus
    Aquaculture, 473, 161-168, (2017)
  • F. Siano, F. Addeo, M.G. Volpe, M. Paolucci, G. Picariello
    Oxidative stability of pomegranate (Punica granatumˇL.) seed oil to simulated gastric conditions and thermal stress
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 64, 8369-8378, (2016)
  • F. Siano, M. Straccia, M. Paolucci, G. Fasulo, F. Boscaino, M.G. Volpe
    Physico-chemical properties and fatty acid composition of pomegranate, cherry and pumpkin seed oils
    Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 96(5), 1730-1735, (2016)
  • A. Sorice,ˇF. Siano, F. Capone, E. Guerriero, L. Picariello, A. Budillon, G. Ciliberto, M. Paolucci, S. Costantini, M.G. Volpe
    Potential anticancer effects of polyphenols from chestnut shells extracts: modulation of cell growth, and cytokinomic and metabolomic profile
    Molecules,ˇ21, 1411, (2016)
  • L. Servillo, A. Giovane, R. Casale, M.L. Balestrieri, D. Cautela, M. Paolucci,ˇF. Siano, M.G. Volpe, D. Castaldo
    Betaines and related ammonium compounds in chestnut (Castanea sativaˇMill.)
    Food Chemistry, 196, 1301-1309, (2016)
  • M.G. Volpe, M. Nazzaro, M. Di Stasio,ˇF. Siano, R. Coppola, A. De Marco
    Content of micronutrients, mineral and trace elements in some Mediterranean spontaneous edible herbs
    Chemistry Central Journal, 9(1), 1-9, (2015)
  • M.G. Volpe,ˇF. Siano, M. Paolucci, A. Sacco, A. Sorrentino, M. Malinconico, E. Varricchio
    Active edible coating effectiveness in shelf-life enhancement of trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fillets
    LWT – Food Science and Technology, 60(1), 615-622, (2015)
  • M.G. Volpe, F. De Cunzo,ˇF. Siano, M. Paolucci, C. Barbarisi, G. Cammarota
    Influence of extraction techniques on physical-chemical characteristics and volatile compounds of extra virgin olive oil
    Journal of Oleo Science, 63(9), 875-883, (2014)
  • C. Barbarisi, M. Di Stasio, F. La Cara, M. Nazzaro,ˇF. Siano, R. Coppola, F. Volpe, A. Di Mattia, M.G. Volpe
    Shelf life of extra virgin olive oils from southern Italy
    Current Nutrition & Food Science, 10(3), 234-240, (2014)
  • M.C. Straccia,ˇF. Siano, R. Coppola, F. La Cara, M.G. Volpe
    Extraction and characterization of vegetable oil from cherry seed by different extraction processes
    Chemical Engineering Transactions, 27, 391-396, (2012)
  • L. De Masi, P. Siviero, C. Esposito, D. Castaldo,ˇF. Siano, B. Laratta
    Assessment of agronomic, chemical and genetic variability in common basil (Ocimum basilicum L.)
    European Food Research and Technology, 223 (2), 273-281, (2006)
  • F. Siano, M. Catalfamo, D. Cautela, L. Servillo, D. Castaldo
    Analysis of Pulegone and its Enanthiomeric Distribution in Mint-Flavoured Food Products
    Food Additives & Contaminants, 22 (3), 197-203, (2005)
  • F. Siano, C. Ghizzoni, F. Gionfriddo, E. Colombo, L. Servillo, D. Castaldo
    Determination of estragole, safrole and eugenol methyl ether in food products
    Food Chemistry, 81 (3), 469-475, (2003)